About the Region

Altai Krai is situated in the south-east of Western Siberia on the border with continental Asia 3,419 km away from Moscow. Altai Krai covers the area of 168 thousand sq. km and takes the 24th place in territory in the Russian Federation and the 10th place in the Siberian Federal District. Altai Krai borders on Novosibirsk Oblast in the north, on Kemerovo Oblast in the east, on the Altai Republic in the south-east, and in the south-west and west it has a state border with the Republic of Kazakhstan which is 843.6 km long. As of the end of the year 2012 the population amounted 2,398.8 thousand people (which is 1.7% of the population of Russia). The region is distinguished by a high share of rural population which is 44.5% (26% throughout Russia).

11 city districts and 59 rural districts are situated in the territory of the region. The administrative center is Barnaul.

Two types of landscape prevail in Altai Krai: mountains in the east and steppe in the west. The region has diverse plant and animal life. Altai Krai comprises nearly all natural zones of Russia: steppe and forest steppe, taiga forest, mountains and rich river ecosystems.

Altai Krai has immense reserves of diverse natural resources. Subsoil resources are represented by deposits of complex ores, iron, sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, calcium sulfate, brown coals and precious metals. Altai Krai is famous for its unique deposits of jasper, malachite, porphyries, marble, granites, industrial minerals, as well as mineral and drinking waters and therapeutic muds.

The region is rich in forest resources. The total forest area comprises 4,375.1 thousand ha (which is 26% of the entire territory of the region).

Lake Kulundinskoye is the largest one among 13,000 lakes, its area is 728 sq. km. The largest rivers are the Ob River, the Biya River, the Khatun River, the Aley River and the Charysh River.

The economy of Altai Krai represents a well-developed multi-industry complex. Industrial, agricultural and trade shares substantially prevail in the structure of the gross regional product. These types of economic activities comprise approximately 56% of the GRP total volume. The economic growth in Altai Krai is provided due to creation of the favorable business climate, increase in business activity and development of social, transport and civil engineering infrastructures.

The contemporary structure of the industrial complex is characterized by a high manufacturing share (which is over 80% in the volume of the shipped goods). The leading industrial economic activities are food production, engineering production (railway car, boiler and diesel engine manufacturing, agricultural engineering, electrical facilities production), coke industry, manufacture of rubber and plastic products and chemical industry.

During the recent years the rates of industrial development in Altai Krai surpass those of the national scale: the production volume for the years 2008-2012 increased by 27.5% (while throughout Russia it increased by 6.1%).

Agriculture is of great importance for forming of the Altai Krai economy and the lifestyle of its population: its share is over 18% of the gross regional product; over 1 million people of Altai Krai live in rural areas.
It is based on such factors as a large tillage area, namely, 6.5 million ha (which is 5.6% of total tillage throughout Russia)*, availability of 5 edaphic and climate zones, hundreds of released crop varieties, developed livestock farming (dairy cattle breeding, poultry farming, pig farming, sheep farming), as well as qualified labor forces.

In 2012 agricultural manufacturers of Altai Krai produced commodity for an amount over 88 billion rubles. The Altai Krai share in the volume of agricultural production in the Siberian Federal District comprised 20.3% and in the Russian Federation 2.8%.

Altai Krai is the largest manufacturer of ecologically clean foodstuffs in Russia. According to the results of the year 2012, Alti Krai production comprised 18.2% of the national volume of grain (the 2nd place); 15.1% of cheeses and cheese products (the 1st place); 12.6% grain flour and vegetable flour (the 1st place); 5.3% of butter and butter pastes. Altai Krai has a substantial share in functional products manufacturing.

Altai Krai takes the 1st place in the Russian Federation in the area under crops and grain legumes. In 2012 Altai Krai took the seventh place in Russia in the volume of the grain legume harvest which was 2.5 million tons (in weight after processing). From the Urals to the Far East, Altai Krai is the only region growing sugar beet.

Altai Krai traditionally highly ranks among entities of the Russian Federation in the volume of livestock products manufacturing. According to the results of the year 2012, the agricultural manufacturers of Altai Krai produced 327.7 thousand tons of feeder cattle and poultry (the 9th place); 1,444.1 thousand tons of milk (the 3rd place); 1,071.0 million of eggs (the 15th place).

Altai Krai labor forces qualified by research and academic institutions specializing in various fields are characterized by a high professional level and capable of meeting the demands of the developing economy for research studies and highly skilled personnel in order to implement innovation projects and allocate new technological productions.

Altai Krai is situated at the intersection of transcontinental transit freight and passenger traffic flows, close to large regions specializing in raw materials and processing. Altai Krai is the place through which such transport routes stretch as highways connecting Russia with Mongolia and Kazakhstan, the railroad connecting Central Asia and the Trans-Siberian Railroad and international airlines. The favorable geographic location of the region and its high transport accessibility offer ample opportunities for establishing deep economic and business relations both of the interregional and international scale.

Recreation potential combined with the favorable climate of the southern part of Western Siberia and the rich historical and cultural heritage offer opportunities for developing different types of tourism, sports and recreation in Altai Krai. The region has also unique natural therapeutic resources necessary for development of health resort complexes and is one of the largest wellness industry centers in Russia. Over a quarter of its cities and districts became zones of tourism dynamic development. According to the UNESCO experts, Altai Krai is one of the most comfortable areas in the world for living and recreation.

The policy of Altai Krai is focused on forming the most favorable conditions for attracting investments such as improvement of forms of government support for business, infrastructure development (including transport and energy infrastructures), strengthening of the Altai Krai economic position both in Russia and abroad and enforcement of law.

* The information is provided from the Land Fund of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2012 report of the Federal State Registration, Cadastre and Mapping Service.
© 2016 Altai Krai Administration.
Altai Krai Chief Administrative Department of Economics and Investments
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